By Blerim Abedini, ISSD-NM

Recent developments in the world are the culmination of the Cold War and the economic transition. Many political decisions that have been made today face legal obstacles requiring their correction which poses the need for stable bilateral agreements. The confrontation of military force with world regimes will apparently continue because of economic interest and human rights. Ukraine, as a country with destroyed infrastructure, is a consequence of the regime and corruption in Russia. The same situation is seen in Chechnya, which resulted in the installation of the Russian regime. The regime of Chechnya sent a threat to Turkish President Erdogan after naming the square in Istanbul after the Chechen hero Dudaev. These scenes are also linked to the war between Azerbaijan and Armenia, as well as to the Kremlin’s influence over the Chechen leadership, which uses them as a tool for indirect attacks on political opponents. The Balkans as a peninsula emerging from the Yugoslav war of the 1990s still have corruption and Russian influence through hybrid influence policies. Corruption in Bosnia neglected many political reforms, corruption in Serbia has consistently silenced the voice of the opposition and the presence of a one-party system is noticeable, Kosovo after corruption managed to remove from the political scene some vocal populists. Northern Macedonia with the new government tends to protect some corrupt staff of the mother party and the wider political coalition. Judicial reforms are partial in different regions, which violates human rights in the municipalities where they live. The Constitutional Court has not been able to carry out its activity for almost a year and is in danger of closing down as an institutional body declared by its president, Mrs. Kacarska. The opposition within the coalition in North Macedonia has apparently given up on demands for a single election unit, which may raise suspicions of corruption.
The Cold War and the economic transition in the Balkans affected almost all countries through corruption. The parties abused their position with properties confiscated from the former Yugoslavia, selling the same to third persons or business people. So all this makes it impossible to reform states because a large number of heads of state have established a chain of corruption.
The hopes are in NATO because of the criminality that is trying to flourish as well as foreign agencies that have the legitimacy to conduct research within the Balkan countries such as DEA, EUROPOL, etc. The expansion of the US Department’s Blacklist of about 200 people from the Balkans as well as another 200 Russian residents gives hope for limiting the anti-democratic movements of these people. Injustices and corruption have also plagued the European Union in some cases. On this occasion, we should mention the Paris Court of Appeals which has decided for companies to be prosecuted for contributing to crimes against humanity for indirect support of terrorism, which if confirmed, sets a new precedent for the responsibility of international businesses. In fact, for the protection of the cement factory in northern Syria, some European Union member states are accused of giving $ 60 million to the extremist organization ISIS, not to destroy the factory in 2011 and 2014.

Business & Human Rights Resource Centre,