The significance of scientific achievements in space exploration

By Blerim Abedini, The Institute for Security Studies and Development, ISSDNMScientific achievements in space exploration have become one of the highest goals for governments worldwide. These achievements not only push the boundaries of human knowledge but also have numerous practical applications and implications. For instance, the U.S. has made significant strides in studying our galaxy and has conducted successful missions to explore the planet Mars. Through these missions, scientists have gained valuable insights into the potential for creating livable conditions on Mars and expanding human presence beyond Earth. Additionally, the moon has been considered a potential station for further space exploration. However, the threat of meteor attacks on the moon highlights the necessity for continuous research and investment in safety measures. Space exploration has captured the interest of not only established space powers but also new actors seeking international prestige. These actors, including both government and private space industries, are fascinated by the quest to explore Mars and demonstrate human presence beyond low-earth orbit. Furthermore, international cooperation has become a crucial aspect of space exploration strategies, as the costs and challenges of exploring alone are immense (Horneck et al., 2010).

The new space race

This cooperation ensures the sharing of resources, knowledge, and expertise, leading to collective advancements in space exploration. Elon Musk, the CEO of SpaceX, has been a driving force behind rapid innovation and advancement in space exploration. With technological advancements shaping the world at an unprecedented pace, there is a pressing need to examine the geopolitical implications of these developments on global security. These developments have the potential to both enhance and disrupt security measures, making it imperative for policymakers to assess the risks and challenges that arise in this new era of emerging technologies. Recent events have changed the world political/military environment from a relatively stable bi-polar one to one with much less regional stability.

The increasing global competition for technological dominance, particularly between the U.S. and China, adds another layer of complexity to the geopolitical landscape.

The race for technological supremacy is not solely about innovation and economic dominance; it also has profound implications for national security (Senate, 2016). As countries strive to gain technological advantage, they will inevitably seek access to key elements such as talent, knowledge, and markets. This competition for technological resources may lead to the emergence of new technological leaders or hegemonies, further shaping the geopolitical environment. Furthermore, the relationships between societies and governments worldwide are expected to face persistent strain as states struggle to meet the rising demands of their populations.