Description of events in the new geopolitical twilight

By Selim Ibraimi- With the fall of Al-Andalus (711-1492) and the conquest of the territory by the Normans, historians of the time recorded the events in an order that today seems impossible. Their objectivity was seen in the presentation of political, economic, cultural, and social events through the epistemological analysis that once showed the knowledge available to the authors of that era.

In the 11th century, in the Western Mediterranean where the power established by Islamic leaders had begun to decline due to internal strife and external attacks, Al-Andalus and Sicily were fragmented into a series of small principalities and without any power in the Mediterranean.

Against this background, Arab and Christian historians and chroniclers used their knowledge to explain the changes in international relations of the time. Among them were Abu-Ishaq and Ibn-Hamdis, who wrote about the social twilight that had fallen after the conquest of Al-Andalus. Unlike contemporary scholars who take an ideological side, as specialists in social developments, both authors of the Middle Ages analyzed many political phenomena of neighboring states. Chroniclers of today’s events are inclined to present the big changes differently.

They are influenced by many factors, and the truth is very difficult to write without religious and ethnic overtones. Worse is when current conflicts over land and borders by researchers and analysts or even journalists, are reported and commented on from the angle of people’s dominance over another and religious submission. The Balkans and the Middle East, as a geographical space of religious and ethnic conflicts, have never been worse than today, when it is not known what tomorrow will bring for the divided nations.

The outbreak of conflict in the Middle East, the September Russian-Serbian aggression against Kosovo, and at the time of the unfinished war in Ukraine, have placed the region and the world in a phase of the outbreak of open and isolated conflicts. This can be seen from the ambitions of Serbia towards Kosovo, China towards Taiwan and finally the war between Israel and the military forces of Hamas, where Palestinians and Israeli citizens have suffered the most. Current events will be decisive whether there will be permanent peace in these regions or war.

Meanwhile, without distinguishing between the aggressor and the victimized, the argument will always prevail that a people or a powerful state has the right in the name of the territory to expel the population, kill innocent people, and ultimately create a crisis international humanitarian. Parallel to international decision-making, it is important that the recording of geopolitical changes is done by specialist people, as historians have done in many works of antiquity and the Middle Ages.

In this context of the fundamental rights of a people, the writing and reporting of political events make the historical narrative more stable if analysts are to write historical analyses on changes in society. A well-written historical account is important for finding the pitfalls of linearity and the inevitability of facts that need to be analyzed and reported. The trap of linearity, of drawing straight lines between past events and current events, must be well understood by researchers. Therefore, the bad news coming from the Middle East, Ukraine, the Balkans, and other parts of the world have a common point.

Facts and changes must be presented as they are – without external influences. Setting analytical standards in the age of technology and artificial intelligence will be very challenging for specialists. Therefore, it is worth reviewing the sources or early publications on how old researchers have evaluated socio-political developments. Ultimately, the decline of states and societies will continue until the end of human existence. Al-Andalusi was only an example for analysis by the aforementioned authors.

The Middle East, the Balkans, and Eastern Europe, not excluding the current world powers, may have the fate of the civilizations and states of antiquity, the Middle Ages, the European Renaissance, and those of the 20th century. Since everything is in motion, even the researcher’s observations must be objective. (Translated from Albanian into the English language by @CSSDMacedonia)

The article was written exclusively for Portalb. mk. The publication rights belong only to Portalb. mk and the author. (October 2023)

Ibraimi holds a Ph.D. in Political Sciences