Emerging steps on climate change

By Blerim Abedini- Center for Security Studies and Development (CSSD)- Macedonia

Poverty as challenge of World’s leaderships to save the living habitats.  Warming as rising factor with dangerous consequences.  Local governments and efforts to bring near community’s requirements.  Meetings and research on climate issues for avoiding poverty in future

We release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels for energy, farming, and destroying forests. These carbon emissions are causing the greenhouse effect trapping heat and making the Earth warmer. During the last ice age, which ended 12,000 years ago, the world’s average temperature was only 4-5°C cooler than it is today.

Some of current natural consequences are:

  • Tuvalu, an island in the Pacific. They already are planning to evacuate citizens because of rising sea levels,
  • Droughts in East Africa that already threaten life on a massive scale,
  • Extreme weather events like Hurricane Sandy and
  • Floods increase in the UK.

The impacts of climate change by melting glaciers where the scientists warn about consequences. They argued that without action on Climate the world will rise to 4°C by the end of the century with dangerous effects. The trending work right now, with a goal of ending extreme poverty by 2030, can help governments lead the way on combating climate change.

Additional research in World Bank institution, shows difficult conditions within lost on productive economic assets as are the expenses for the children to attend school. By losing the advantage of an education can extend damaging to next generations. In this case it’s important to bring the climate and poverty communities together for interventions that are effective. One of measures is emergency support as effective social protection system as basic services for the poor, health care and financial services such as loans.

The poor people living in poverty and those above the poverty line are at risk from climate change. They have homes along creeks that flood or on landslides, some farmlands with limited water access.

The 2009 Human Impact Report claims that 300,000 people a year are already dying from the effects of climate change and a further four billion are vulnerable to effects such as: rought and water shortages, floods, crop failures and food insecurity, reduced agricultural productivity, loss of low-lying lands and islands, desertification (the gradual transformation of habitable land into desert), loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services, spread of diseases, such as malaria. Many poor people live in regions that are susceptible to changes in the climate, for example drought-prone sub-Saharan Africa. Poor people are doing activities such as agriculture, fishing and collecting natural resources, which are sensitive to climate change.
Working with local communities is necessary to ensure that ecosystems are managed sustainable and helping to governments in developing countries for prevention measures.

During the Paris Climate Change conference, representatives of different countries as from governments, organizations and business sector have agreed for necessary emerging steps on Climate Change issue. In a statement, the Prime Minister’s Office of Canada has a plan to invest an additional $100 million each year in clean technology producers. Also, additional $200 million each year to support innovation and the use of clean technologies in the natural resources sector. Furthermore, the Prime Minister of Canada, Mr.Trudeau promised to spend $2.65 billion over five years to help developing countries reduce their emissions and adapt to climate change. In addition, King Abdullah, of Jordan, delivered one of the most urgent appeals for action, speaking for the second-most water-poor country on Earth, which imports more than 90 per cent of its energy while struggling to host 1.4 million Syrian refugees.

In this context, the Mongolian President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj has told to world leaders that there should be “no more disappointments” and he stressed the importance of each country tracking its emissions. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel has said fighting global warming shows a humane spirit, but also makes economic common sense. She added that “Billions of people are pinning their hopes on what we do in Paris.” The Indian Prime Minister Narenda Modi has said India’s responsibilities on climate change “will be fully undertaken and fulfilled.”

The world’s biggest emitters of greenhouse gases are China, U.S. of America and India. China emits about 28% of the world’s greenhouse gases, the U.S., 16% and India, 6%.

carbon-dioxide-2015

Security Studies research analyst, Blerim Abedini, is featuring with series of analyses on climate changes, poverty, energy and natural resources.

Note: Analyses and research articles are products of the Center for Security Studies and Development-Macedonia. All rights reserved

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