HEALTH EFFECTS OF USING ELECTRIC VEHICLES

BLERIM ABEDINI- INSTITUTE FOR SECURITY STUDIES AND DEVELOPMENT (ISSD)

So people for human reasons or for better economics of life and business will have to do the transportation with electric vehicles. Otherwise, illnesses from the pollutants will raise, which for the poor class means irresistible death. However, hopes and believes for technology advances and new innovations will reveal new sources of energy that will keep the environment clean.

According to Ward magazine, in 2010 there were nearly one billion motor vehicles in the world, which includes the number of vehicles; lightweight, medium and heavy trucks; and buses.

So this is a rising number that threatens the world with air pollution, because electric vehicles have not yet replaced motor vehicles. Motor vehicles emit small particles-such as hydrocarbon oils (HC), nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2). 75% of carbon monoxide emissions come from gas cars, while in urban areas, harmful emissions are between 50 and 90 percent of the pollution.

According to the World Health Organization’s most recent air quality database, 97% of cities in low and middle income countries with a population of more than 100,000 do not meet WHO standards for air quality. However, in high-income countries, this percentage shrinks to 49% in terms of air quality.

The WHO database now covers more than 4,000 cities in 108 countries in which citizens understand the impacts of air pollution on health.

As the quality of urban air shrinks, the risk of stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, and chronic and acute respiratory diseases, including asthma, increases for people living in them. But a large number of evidence suggests that exposure may damage the brain, accelerate cognitive aging and may increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.

According to the EPA, the US Environmental Protection Agency has explored that motor vehicles collectively cause 75 percent of carbon monoxide pollution in the US. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has named the six most common air pollutants in the United States. These pollutants are ozone, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide and lead.

World pollution by NASA recordings-Global satellite-derived map of PM2.5 averaged over 2001-2006. Credit: Dalhousie University, Aaron van Donkelaar. 

U.S. satellite-derived map of PM2.5averaged over 2001-2006. Credit: Dalhousie University, Aaron van Donkelaar. Credit image: NASA

US motor vehicles make up one-third of the pollutants that produce smog (invisible polluting gas) and 27 percent of greenhouse gas emissions (gases that hinder heat dissipation on Earth).

A study of thousands of elderly people living in Hong Kong showed that long-term exposure to pollution from small but toxic particles of air increased the risk of death from a cancer by 22 percent.

A new academic study led by UCLA researchers has revealed that smaller particles from vehicle emissions may be the most harmful components of air pollution in causing arterial plaque elevation, which can lead to attacks on the heart and stroke.

Currently, most electric vehicles in America have been sold to major California cities, which will also testify for reducing cases with adequate disease by gradually reducing pollution.

Battery research companies like Tesla have contributed to the production of electric cars. Also in this context the transition to renewable energies such as solar, continental and oceanic winds, as well as other challenges to electricity will reduce air pollution.

On the other hand, NASA makes new studies on Ozone, Carbon Black Arctic Risks, aerosol dispersions (fires, volcanoes), statistical data on the history of changes in the surface of our planet.

Video credit NASA: Animated video showing the global reach of black carbon spreading across the Earth.

NASA as the guardian of pollution has images of the great pollution in the state of India, where 7 million people die each year. In general, unequal development of the states in the world causes major pollution causing unpredictable damage to the ozone sphere.

Regarding the sale of electric vehicles, this year China has had the largest deal, from 132,000 units sold in the first quarter.

As far as international sales are concerned, the total sales in the 2018 will be, 2 million units of electric vehicles.

So it looks like it will take several years for electric cars to replace conventional vehicles. There are also other pollutants such as motor boats, civil aircraft and fighters, the use of various weapons in combat regions, pollution from the metal industries, nuclear power plants, etc.

So people for human reasons or for better economics of life and business will have to do the transportation with electric vehicles. Otherwise, illnesses from the pollutants will raise, which for the poor class means irresistible death. However, hopes and believes for technology advances and new innovations will reveal new sources of energy that will keep the environment clean.

 

Reference:    Global Plug-in Sales for Q1-2018,  www.ev-volumes.com

Për ta lexuar në gjuhën shqipe, kliko në titullin-

Automjetet elektrike si alternativë për sëmundjet e rënda

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